육아지원기관의 공공성 제고 방안 연구

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Title
육아지원기관의 공공성 제고 방안 연구
Alternative Title
Enhancing the public transparency of private kindergartens and childcare centers in Korea
Author(s)
유희정김은설유은영
Publication Year
2006-12-31
Publisher
육아정책개발센터
URI
http://repo.kicce.re.kr/handle/2019.oak/694
Abstract
The purpose of the present study is to explore how to best enhance publicity in private kindergartens and childcare centers (henceforth, K&CC) in Korea. Policy developers and the government have recently started making efforts to strengthen the public roles of private K&CC in order to meet the increasing demand for child care and early childhood education. In this study, we a) defined the concept of publicity in K&CC, b) reviewed the policies for young children, c) conducted a survey on the state of public involvement in K&CC, and d) suggested several strategies to enhance publicity.

This study employed a number of research methods, such as a review of literature, a survey, interviews, and workshops. A total of 930 directors of private kindergartens and childcare centers (483 from K and 447 from CC) responded to the survey questions, and 40 public service personnel in charge of supervising regional K&CC were interviewed regarding the current status and public transparency of K&CC, including strategies for enhancing them both. Advisory committee meetings and workshops were held four times to collect professional opinions in this field.

The survey results showed that 69.9% of the subjects (58.1% of the childcare providers and 79.1% of kindergarten directors) thought of private K&CC as non-profit institutions. With regard to the policies for enhancing public transparency, private kindergartens (K) and childcare centers (CC) agreed as follows:

- implementing an electronic administration system: 74.6% (CC) vs. 79.6% (K)

- government’s supervision to finance K&CC: 72.4%(CC) vs. 61.4%(K)

- transforming to non-profit foundations: 63.9% (CC) vs. 46.3% (K)

- regular evaluations by the government: 56.2% (CC) vs. 56.8% (K)

- establishing parental boards in K&CC: 56.5% (CC) vs. 45.5% (K)
- reflecting the results of governmental supervision in financial support: 69.6% (KCC)

Regarding the question on selling their institutions to the government, 53.8% of childcare providers and 57.1% of kindergarten directors agreed. Institutions of relatively small size and poor finances showed the highest consent rate on this issue.

To improve the roles of K&CC as public institutions, three directions were suggested: commonality of programs, transparency of management, and official support and supervision from the government. It is posited that public transparency in K&CC can mainly be enhanced through a high level of cooperation among K&CC, parents, and governments. It is also emphasized that the government should increase financial support, expand the number of national and public K&CC and non-profit foundations, and strengthen its supervision of private K&CC.
Table Of Contents
Ⅰ. 서론
Ⅱ. 육아지원과 공공성
Ⅲ. 육아지원기관의 공공성 실태
Ⅳ. 육아지원기관의 공공성 제고 방안
참고문헌
부록
Appears in Collections:
연구보고서 > 1. 기본연구보고서
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