The present study examined the major fields of industries related to childcare and early childhood education in order to understand the attributes and consequently predict the prospects, in terms of providing work, of these industries. Furthermore, the foremost purpose of the study was to develop appropriate policies for profit and non-profit businesses to preserve the indigenous properties of the childcare and early childhood education field.
Thus businesses supporting childcare support centers such as childcare centers and kindergartens, and workplace childcare facilities were the main subjects of the study. Eight hundred directors of childcare centers and kindergartens were surveyed via telephone calls regarding extra-curricular and specialization activities, accounting programs, teaching materials, and other services necessary for operating; and the contents, attributes, and costs of these services. Furthermore, in order to understand the conditions of workplace childcare facilities, data from 559 such centers were used in the analysis. Twenty-five personnels of childcare and early childhood education related businesses were interviewed in-depth.
Businesses that dispatch extra-curricular activity instructors are numberless and the number of instructors are at least 15,000 in childcare centers and 6,000 at kindergartens, thus a total of approximately 21,000. Approximately twenty businesses managed the accountings of childcare support centers. The expenditure of childcare centers were about 9 thousand million won, and 1.8 thousand million in kindergartens. According to the report on the financial accountings of childcare centers, spending on teaching materials during the month of June in 2013 was approximately 23.1 trillion won. Other businesses include cleaning agencies, waste disposal businesses, patrol and safety insurance companies, towel rental services, water purifier rental businesses, air purifier companies, office machine rental companies, aquarium, bidet, webpage management companies, parental notification service companies, etc.
In order for childcare support centers to establish transparent relationships with their companies the study suggests developing a common standards for contracting and operational standards for childcare support centers, opening contractual information, supervision of the subjects of beneficiary charged businesses, business registration, etc, and the enhancement external competition and so forth.
77.3% of workplace childcare facilities are operated by commissional institutes. 16.1% of these centers are universities, 37.9% specialized companies, and 19.7% private. Specialized companies sign a contract with the directors of childcare support centers, and the directors employ the teachers or are in charge of employing both the directors and the teachers. With the increase of workplace childcare facilities, there is a need for developing standards regarding commission. We also suggest the development of contractual standards for workplaces and commissioned facilities, the establishment of the standards of relationships between childcare facilities and the commissioners, unification of permits and serial numbers, employment standards of directors and teachers, etc as future tasks.
Table Of Contents
Ⅱ. 어린이집 유치원 운영 관련 사업 실태
Ⅲ. 직장어린이집 위탁 운영 실태
Ⅳ. 향후 정책과제