The purpose of this study is to examine social coverage for work-life balance policies and find solutions expanding its coverage. We reviewed work-life balance policies of Korean government, OECD and EU and analyzed out-group in work-life balance policies. Also, We surveyed for married working women(1,005 people) to investigate their level and systems of work family balance between workplaces and home. In addition, we conduct in-depth interview for employees in small and medium sized company, self-employers, economically dependent workers and small-sized employers. Lastly, International symposium entitled “Toward childbirth and child care friendly workplaces and societies” was held to investigate international example for work family policies.
The korean government has been expanding the social coverage through various channels, such as the ‘Durunuri’ program. Durunuri is a social insurance(including employment insurance) subsidy program in which the government provides partial funding for employment insurance and pension plans to low-income workers. The korean government also provides partial funding for employment insurance to self-employers who have no employees.
The percentages of companies implemented ‘Childcare Leave’, ‘Paternity Leave’ and ‘Reduction of Working Hours for Periods of Child care’ among workplaces in Korea are 59.1%, 60.9% and 38.5%, respectively. The smaller sized workplace, the lower implemented work family balance systems. A employment insurance registered rate of non-regular workers was lower than of regular workers. Also, non regular workers are tend to be discriminated against for taking child care leaves. Small sized company employees, self-employer and economically dependent worker are suffered from low level of work family balance caused by deficiency of work family balance institution in Korea.
Our suggestion to expand coverage of work family policies as follow. ‘The Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-Family Balance Assistance Act’ and ‘Employment Act’ should be revised to cover all workers regardless of forms of employment. The Korean government tries to expand social coverage and financial support for non-regular workers who hardly join employment insurance. Health insurance finance spending to expand coverage for maternity leave should be considered. Finance incentive to promote work family balance system in small and midium sized company should be considered. Gender equality in child care is necessary to expand coverage of work family policies.
Table Of Contents
Ⅱ. 연구 배경
Ⅲ. 일·가정 양립 사각지대 지원 정책
Ⅳ. 일·가정 양립 정책 국외 사례
Ⅴ. 일·가정 양립 사각지대 취업자의 근로환경 실태 및 요구
Ⅵ. 일·가정 양립 사각지대 해소 방안