It is necessary, through continuous investigation of public perceptions and attitudes on the current Korean child care policy, to identify the problems of Korean child care that can not be changed in a short period of time and to develop policies to improve them. To this end, the Korea Institute for Child Care Policy (KICCE) will conduct a five-year study from 2017 on the ‘KICCE POLL for the ’Establishing the Happy Child Care Culture’ and this study is the second year study. In the second year, basic data were constructed and analyzed through methods such as analyzing literature and press articles on Child Care polices of the government departments(the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family), public surveys, in-depth interviews, and expert councils. In addition, the KICCE POLL homepage was reorganized and operated to share the results of the first year and those of the second year.
Regular survey was conducted on 3,000 sampled, and the questionnaire consisted of opinions on birth rates and low birth rates, child care status of parents of infants, awareness of child care policy, and opinions on child care policy. Occasional surveys were conducted on 500 parents of infants, focusing on parenting happiness, support policies for multi-child family, the need for extra-curricular English activities in kindergartens and daycare centers, the amount of time for mother and father to spend in child care and housework, the amount of time for parents to play with child, and safety of kindergartens and daycare centers.
The direction of the child care policy based on the survey results is as follows: First, it is needed to establish mid-term and long-term plans for the culture of happy child care. Second, it is needed to consider the policy differentiation of the government's cost support. Third, the priority of service support is to raise publicity and quality of kindergartens and daycare centers. Fourth, it is needed to strengthen the policy to support work-family balance. Fifth, the keynote and direction of the current policy need to be reviewed considering the level of policy demand.
The tasks of the child care policy based on the survey results are as follows: First, it should be desirable to redesign the child care policy through multi-faceted evaluation of the factors influencing the additional birth. Second, we need to establish an environment where infants and children live safely. Third, it is needed to create a happy parenting culture. Fourth, education and publicity for the spread of gender equality consciousness are to strengthen. Fifth, we should support healthy growth and development of infants and young children. Sixth, there is a need to strengthen the safety management of kindergartens and daycare centers. Seventh, it is recommended to examine the recipients of child allowance. Eighth, there is a need to expand support for part-time child care support service.
Table Of Contents
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경
Ⅲ. 2차년도 KICCE 정기 여론조사 결과
Ⅳ. 2차년도 KICCE 수시 여론조사 결과