어린이집 반편성 기준 개선방안 연구_유아반을 중심으로

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Title
어린이집 반편성 기준 개선방안 연구_유아반을 중심으로
Alternative Title
Determining Class Size and Ratio in Childcare Centers: Focusing on Preschool Classes
Author(s)
이정림이미화구자연
Publication Year
2013-12-20
Publisher
육아정책연구소
URI
http://repo.kicce.re.kr/handle/2019.oak/990
Abstract
□ Purpose


l Currently, childcare centers are allowed to serve a few more children in a class than the maximum number set by childcare regulations. As the concerns regarding the quality of childcare sector have increased, there is a growing need for reducing teacher-child ratio and for reinforcing the class size regulations in childcare centers. The purpose of this study was to review the adequacy of teacher-child ratio in childcare centers, and propose the measures to place teachers accordingly.


□ Methods


l Data was collected from a survey and in-depth interviews on teacher-child ratio and improvement measure for class size issues in childcare. Survey was completed by directors of childcare centers in Seoul and Gyoung-gi regions (n=148) and teachers serving children ages 3-5 in the centers (n=286). In-depth interviews were conducted with childcare center directors (n=3) and teachers (n=5).


□ Results


Perceptions on teacher-child ratio


l Regarding proper teacher-child ratio by age group, childcare center directors (D) and teachers (T) responded as follows:


- Age 3 class - 1:12 (D), 1:11 (T)


- Age 4 class - 1:15 (D), 1:14 (T)


- Age 5 class - 1:17 (D), 1:16 (T)


l For all age groups, adequate teacher-child ratio suggested by teachers was lower than the ratio suggested by directors.


l Regarding current status of serving more children than maximum number set by law, directors of public/government-funded childcare centers tended to support the idea of strictly reinforcing the class size regulations more strongly than private center directors (43.6% vs. 21.2% for Age 3; 32.7% vs. 21.3% for Age 4; and 30.9% vs. 21.3% for Age 5, respectively).


l All teacher respondents, regardless of auspices, supported the idea of strictly reinforcing class size regulations.


l Directors and teachers preferred the idea of using teacher aids assigned to a class (rather than floating teachers) (51.7% and 71.8%, respectively) who can work 3-5 hours a day (49.3% and 70.9%, respectively) all year round (76.7% and 79.1%, respectively).


□ Implications


l Reduce teacher-child ratio to improve the quality of childcare services


l Reinforce the childcare regulations regarding class size and teacher-child ratio


l Encourage childcare centers to run classes by age groups


l Effectively utilize additional human resources (e.g., teacher aids, assistants, substitute teachers) to support childcare teachers, and devise ways to reduce their excessive workload (e.g, team teaching, 2-shift system).
Table Of Contents
요약
I. 서론
Ⅱ. 연구의 배경
Ⅲ. 유아반 편성 기준에 대한 요구 분석
Ⅳ. 정책 제언
참고문헌
부록
Appears in Collections:
연구보고서 > 3. 수시연구보고서
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