- 가족구조의 변화로 가정 내 자녀양육에 대한 지식 전수가 어려운 상황에서 부모교육을 받을 시간의 부족 및 교육 장소로의 취약한 접근성, 다양한 가족특성을 반영하지 못하는 교육 내용의 한계로 인한 부모교육 사각지대가 있다는 지적이 제기되어 왔음.
- 부모교육과 관련한 정부의 유관 부처 산하기관 및 전달체계를 통해 다양한 부모교육 프로그램이 진행되고 있음에도 불구하고 부모교육의 필요성을 느끼고 이수하는 부모가 많지 않은 상황임. 이에 따라 부모들에게 접근이 용이하고, 부모의 특성에 적합한 맞춤형 찾아가는 부모교육 서비스 방안을 마련할 필요가 있음.
□ 한부모 및 재혼 가정 부모교육의 필요성
- 1990년대 이후 한부모 가구는 계속 증가 추세에 있으며, 특히 부모역할 수행에 대한 부담감과 어려움이 보고되어 왔음.
- 재혼 가정의 경우 부모-자녀간 상호작용에 대한 어려움 및 새 부모의 불분명한 역할로 인한 양육의 어려움을 겪는 것으로 나타남. This is the second study of four years of the parent education pilot project for parents who are in the blind spot of parent education. Parent education was provided for parents of single-parent families and remarried families.
After analyzing the specific characteristics and needs of single-parent families and remarried families, the parent education program was constructed using the Parent Education Manual developed by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family in 2017.
The parent education program for single-parent families was held for a total of eight sessions, and it consisted of the practice of practicing parenting techniques by participating in single parents raising their infants and toddlers. Through the program, it was meaningful that single parents shared their experiences and cases and felt the sympathy and the meaning of being parents.
Parent education for remarried families was conducted in the form of workshops, and the case-sharing, education, and counseling were carried out in parallel with the cases of child rearing and marital relations among participants.
Through the program, it was possible to extract the psychological and social factors of the adaptation of remarried families and the details of the difficulties between parents and children.
The following policy suggestions were derived through the pilot project of single parent families and remarried families.
First, in a situation where parental involvement is difficult due to work life and child rearing, it is necessary for the community and related organizations to increase the participation of parents by strengthening the publicity about the effectiveness and importance of parental education.
Second, by providing a separate program for caring for children and a program where parents and children can participate together, communication between families is enhanced to the effectiveness of parent education.
Third, it is necessary to develop specialized education contents suitable for the characteristics of the household and provide parent education in an appropriate manner such as education, counseling, and home visits.
Fourth, as it is important for parents to participate in education continuously, it is necessary to create an environment in which parents can voluntarily run parent education through linkages with self-help groups.