The present study suggests plausible measures to employ latent unemployed middle-aged and elderly female workforce at childcare support centers experiencing shortage in aid workers assisting teachers, which are anticipated to improve the quality of childcare service.
With the exception of Jeju Island, a national survey of six hundred kindergartens and childcare centers and four hundred unemployed middle-aged and elderly female workforce was carried out along with in-depth interviews of seven childcare support center personnel and five middle-aged and elderly women.
The major results are as follows.
Firstly, the number of aid workers differed considerably by the type of work the aid workers were responsible for, and the degree of overlap in the duties the aid workers were in charge of was high, which resulted the shortage in assistants.
Secondly, among aid workers the lack of assistant teachers, childcare center and kindergarten helpers, cleaning assistants, and office workers were the greatest, in turn the demand for 40 plus workers at childcare support centers was high.
Thirdly, kindergartens and childcare centers identified the burden of personnel expenses and regional shortage of workforce as the reasons for the difficulty of recruitment of aid workers.
Fourthly, 88.8% of the four hundred unemployed middle-aged and elderly women intended to enter the labor market in the future, and 54.6% desired to work at childcare support cetners. The reason with the highest rate of 30.4% for the preference of childcare support centers was 'the type of work was suited for them'.
Also, unemployed middle-aged and elderly women had demands for 'educational support (34.6%)', 'workplace introduction and connection (18.3%)', and the 'provision of ample information on employment (17.7%)' which they considered to be the most helpful in aiding them into employment.
Lastly, the demands of weekly working days and daily working hours were largely agreed upon between childcare support centers and the applicants. However, childcare center and kindergarten helpers demanded the most from the employers demaned.
Regarding the results the present study suggests policies targeted for three core changes , which are the improvement of the quality of service in childcare support centers, the improvement in the indirect childcare and education environment, and the provision of workplace for middle-aged and elderly women.
Two policy measures are suggested.
A standard by childcare and education tasks will be developed presenting the qualifications of middle-aged and elderly women for employment at childcare support centers and their working conditions. Also, a regional 'model for employment of middle-aged and elderly female workforce in childcare support centers' will be provided by female work training centers.
In addition, measures to use aid workforce according to the types of centers of childcare and education will be developed and provided.
Table Of Contents
II. 연구의 배경
Ⅲ. 육아지원기관의 인력 지원 제도
Ⅳ. 육아지원기관의 지원인력 활용 현황
Ⅴ. 중고령 여성 인력의 육아지원기관 취업 수요
Ⅵ. 중고령 여성 지원인력 활용을 위한 요구분석
Ⅶ. 육아지원기관에서의 중고령 여성 지원인력 활용 방안