Childcare policy has been rapidly changed since 2006 and there is a growing need to identify its status and achievements. The study, therefore, has evaluated the overall achievement of childcare policy for the past 6 years. It also has presented its achievements and challenges by analysing parents’ satisfaction degree and demands.
According to the assessments on the status of the central government’ childcare policy, the expanding assistance costs of child care has been appeared the main achievement. However, there was a regional disparity depending on parents’ payment for child care and additional child care costs resulting in regional imbalances caused by imbalanced numbers of nurseries in different regions. Guaranteeing options through improvement of service quality and ensuring alterative child care were insufficient. The rate of accreditation was low in private and home child care compared to national and public child care, and extended-hours child care and child care for children with disabilities were not accessible.
There were regional differences in assistance costs for childcare per child, and these insufficient financial supports for national and public nurseries have brought regional disparities that could be seen social challenges to be solved out in the near future.
Parents of young children were highly satisfied with geographical accessibility of the service whilst the parents were burdened by the cost of child care. The parents were not satisfied with teachers’ professionalism as well.
According to the survey, the study suggests the followings; first, improving the government’s support for service accessibility, expanding the numbers of national and public nurseries, building the support system, enhancing a private nurseries infrastructure for alternative public nurseries, improving the service accessability of Support Center for Childcare; second, improving the regulation of the cost of child care services, strengthening the cash service for children; third, prioritizing the budget for supply nursery nurses and subsiding support to provide a high quality nursery service, strengthening the consulting support system; forth, enhancing options for parents of young children, strengthening the role of Care Support for Childcare for vulnerable social groups.