l Consulting is reported to be an effective way of supporting educational institutions, and it is gaining worldwide attention as an efficient approach to support professional development of teachers. In Korea, teachers have made use of consultation intending primarily to provide quality education. In order to make consulting-supervision system more active in the areas of curriculum and teaching, a consensus was made on developing a manual, which reflects demands from teachers. The purpose of this study was to develop the manual for consultants and to propose improvement measures to make Consulting-Supervision System more active in kindergarten classes.
l The study was conducted using literature review, surveys, and in-depth interviews. Principals of public and private kindergartens (n=153) participated in a survey. In-depth interviews were conducted with kindergarten consultants (n=6).
l The study examined the following: direction for and status of Consulting-Supervision System, needs of consultants on the process and procedures of consulting, development of a manual for consultants, and policy recommendations for stimulating the consulting-supervision system.
Operating status of Consulting-Supervision System
l Out of 8,538 kindergartens, 6,993 kindergartens participated in Consulting-Supervision System in kindergarten classes in 2012, which showed 1.5 times increase, compared to 4,131 participating kindergartens in 2011. Consulting-Supervision System was mainly conducted in the areas of curriculum (e.g., development/implementation/assessment of curriculum) and teaching.
Demands from consultants on the process and procedures of Consulting-Supervision System
l Difficulties of Consulting-Supervision System from the perspective of consultants included involuntary and uncooperative clients and a lack of opportunities to develop consulting expertise.
l Consultants said important process in Consulting-Supervision System was ‘evaluation report,’ and the most difficult process was to come up with a solution to a problem.
Development of a manual for consultants
l A manual for Consulting-Supervision System on Nuri Curriculum was developed, focusing on curriculum and teaching. The manual followed the direction of Consulting-Supervision System proposed by Ministry of Education in 2013, which emphasized the expertise of consultants and on-site support system.
To stimulate the implementation and utilization of Consulting-Supervision System, the following policy recommendations are suggested:
l Expand and diversify the scope and content of consulting-supervision beyond its current focus on curriculum and teaching
l Provide targeted training opportunities for consultants to meet diverse needs of clients
l Encourage face-to-face meetings between consultants and clients
l Offer a sustained long-term consulting-supervision system
l Ensure a strong pool of quality consultants (e.g., the number of consultants and their areas of expertise)
Table Of Contents
Ⅱ. 컨설팅장학 운영 실태
Ⅲ. 컨설팅장학 매뉴얼 개발
Ⅳ. 결론 및 정책 제언