사회적 격차 해소를 위한 북한이탈주민 가정의 영유아 지원방안 연구

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Title
사회적 격차 해소를 위한 북한이탈주민 가정의 영유아 지원방안 연구
Alternative Title
A Study on Support for early Children of North Korean Defector Families for Reducing the Social Gap
Author(s)
이윤진박창현김문정
Keyword
North Korean Defector FamiliesEarly ChildrenReducing the Social Gap
Issued Date
2021-12-31
Publisher
육아정책연구소
URI
https://repo.kicce.re.kr/handle/2019.oak/5249
Abstract
In this study, in order to empirically understand the growth and development and rearing environment of infants and toddlers from North Korean defector families, a comparative analysis was conducted with infants and toddlers from ordinary families and general vulnerable groups. Based on these research results, policy measures were presented to promote the healthy and balanced growth and development of children from North Korean refugee families. As a result of a survey of 151 primary caregivers of North Korean refugee families with infants and young children, the child-rearing environment of North Korean refugee families was generally weak. It was much worse than the general one. The main caregivers for North Korean defectors were often unhealthy or severely depressed.
However, North Korean refugee families had higher expectations for their children than ordinary families, and they were following the basic rules for the safety of their children. The number was small. We could see the positivity, hope, and health of North Korean defector families.
Based on these research results, 3 policy goals, 4 policy measures, and 12 policy tasks were presented to provide a fair starting point for infants and toddlers from North Korean refugee families in the early stages of their lives, and to support the health and economic support of their primary care-givers.
Table Of Contents
요약 1

Ⅰ. 서론 11
1. 연구의 필요성 및 목적 13
2. 연구 내용 15
3. 연구 방법 16
4. 연구 분석 틀 및 추진 절차 28
5. 선행연구 36
6. 연구의 한계와 의의 41

Ⅱ. 북한이탈주민 및 북한이탈주민 가정 지원정책 43
1. 북한이탈주민 현황과 정착지원정책 개요 45
2. 북한이탈주민 가정 지원정책과 현황 51
3. 국내・외 취약계층 아동 통합지원사업 60

Ⅲ. 북한이탈주민 가정 영유아 양육실태: 일반 및 취약가정과 비교분석 67
1. 본 설문조사의 영유아 특성 69
2. 건강 70
3. 발달 및 교육 111
4. 관계 120
5. 양육 및 돌봄 137
6. 여가 및 활동 144
7. 안전 및 위험행동 151
8. 주거 및 지역사회 환경 164
9. 물질적 환경 180
10. 기타: 정책 인지도 및 가구소득 등 207
11. 소결 225

Ⅳ. 북한이탈주민 가정 특성별 양육 현황 및 애로사항 245
1. 북한이탈주민 가정 특성별 개요 247
2. 수급 한부모가구의 양육현황 및 애로사항 249
3. 수급 양부모가구의 양육 현황 및 애로사항 258
4. 비수급 한부모가구의 양육 현황 및 애로사항 265
5. 비수급 양부모가구의 양육 현황 및 애로사항 272
6. 소결 277

Ⅴ. 북한이탈주민 가정의 영유아 지원방안 279
1. 정책목표 281
2. 정책방향 및 지원방안 283
3. 세부 정책과제 286

참고문헌 295
Abstract 299
부록 301
부록 1. 북한이탈주민 가정 부모 대상 설문지 303
부록 2. 북한이탈주민 가정 부모 대상 면담지 345
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연구보고서 > 1. 기본연구보고서
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