This study aims to investigate the current situation of communal parenting for infants and young children and to find the policy strategy for activating them. Recently, as the social demand for elementary care has grown, research and investigations on elementary care communities have been actively accumulated, but interest in parenting communities for infants and young children has been less. Accordingly, the following was conducted to examine and support the parenting community for infants and young children. First, the current state of support for childcare communities was identified by comprehensively examining the policies of the central and local governments related to support for childcare communities. Second, a survey was conducted on parents of infants and young children to investigate the difficulties and demands of parents participating in parenting communities as well as the demands of parents who did not experience childcare communities. Third, through an in-depth case study of childcare communities for infants and young children, we analyzed the reality of how childcare communities are actually operated. Based on the results of this analysis, an approach to promote the childcare communities was presented, and policy improvement plans and detailed tasks were proposed to create conditions. The approach direction to activate childcare community is presented as follows. 1) It is necessary to strengthen childcare community support for infants and young children. 2) As children grow and members' needs diversify, the government should support childcare communities to actively respond to them. 3) Childcare community support should be designed in a way that emphasizes the participation of community members. Policy improvement measures are presented as follows. 1) Governmental support for childcare communities should be expanded and systematized, and 2) Linkage and cooperation between ministries and between central and local governments should be strengthened. 3) It is necessary to establish a new childcare community support project for infants and toddlers. In addition, spaces for childcare communities, support for management, and support for empowerment of members were suggested.
Table Of Contents
Ⅰ. 서론 17 1. 연구의 목적 및 필요성 19 2. 연구 내용 및 연구 범위 21 3. 연구 방법 및 추진 절차 23
Ⅱ. 연구의 배경 29 1. 육아공동체의 개념 및 핵심원리 31 2. 육아공동체의 운영 유형 38 3. 육아공동체 및 관련 사업의 활성화 관련 이슈 검토 49
Ⅲ. 중앙정부의 육아공동체 관련 정책 63 1. 육아공동체 관련 주요 계획의 전개 65 2. 육아공동체 관련 주요 사업의 추진 현황 72 3. 육아공동체 관련 유관 계획 및 사업의 검토 88 4. 소결 100
Ⅳ. 지방정부의 육아공동체 관련 정책 103 1. 서울시 공동육아지원사업 105 2. 경기도형 아동돌봄공동체 조성사업 114 3. 제주 수눌음돌봄사업 120 4. 전북 익산시 우리마을 아동돌봄공동체 사업 130 5. 소결 134 Ⅴ. 지역사회 육아공동체 참여실태 및 요구 137 1. 조사대상자의 특성 139 2. 육아공동체 참여경험 142 3. 참여의 어려움 188 4. 정부나 단체로부터의 지원 198 5. 육아공동체 참여의향 204 6. 소결 216