This study is the research to review the status of the governance for financing early childhood education and care, and to suggest directions to improve the governance for financing ECEC. Especially, this study has an emphasis on financing Nuri Curriculum(for all children aged 3~5 in both kindergarten and childcare centers), subsidizing childcare fees(for aged 0-2 in childcare centers), child allowance(for aged 0~5) and so on. Also, it intended to suggest the policies to improve the cooperation between central and local governments about the matching grants and local financial burden.
This study suggested policy proposals of 3 categories: short-term, mid-term, and long-term policies. Short-term policies include financial allocation of income reimbursement and service support, the extension of early childhood education support special account, the transition of voucher into subsidy for Nuri curriculum, and the extension of benefit principle. Mid-term policies include the enactment of subsidy rule for matching funds, and the operation of joint committee for the mitigation of the gap between kindergarten and childcare centers. Long-term policies include the extension of cooperation between local governments and local education offices, the reallocation of administrative and financial responsibilities between central and local governments, and the reorganization of local fiscal coordination system and the extension of price function of local tax.
Table Of Contents
Ⅰ. 서론 Ⅱ. 연구의 배경 Ⅲ. 유아교육 및 보육 재정구조 Ⅳ. 유아교육･보육 소요재정 추계 Ⅴ. 유아교육 및 보육 재정조달 거버넌스 개선방안 Ⅵ. 정책제언