In spite of implementation of government's various policies, the recent increase of traffic accidents of school buses for young children has became a social issue on the safety of school buses and has raised the urgent necessity of additional measures of government to reduce traffic accidents of them.
It is necessary for government not only to provide safe school bus services for young children who will become leading persons of future generation but also to prepare urban design measures, such as creating a safe walking environment around a child care center, a kindergarten, and a private institute, for building a physical transport environment for safety. It is also necessary to recreate the traffic safety training and education program for young children, school bus drivers, operators of children education facilities since it is not systematically and effectively provided.
The purpose of this study is to recommend policies for creating safe transport environment and providing safe school bus services for young children. In addition, it aims to effectively change the system of traffic safety training and education system for young children, school bus drivers, and administrators of children education facilities.
To improve the traffic safety of young children, it has recommend government to implement measures, such as a new licence for school bus drivers, a joint use system of school buses, a new act for school bus management, which may reduce the limits of the school bus regulations enacted in 2014.
This study also recommends three measures, such as cracking down on illegal parking by using a CCTV for crime prevention within school zones, cracking down on speeding by using the CCTV and securing a safe walking route for young children within school zones, to improve the effectiveness of school zones.
It also suggests measures, such as making an amendment of construction decree by introducing a parking space standard of children education facilities for children who get on and off school buses and by securing walking routes inside and outside children education facilities, to improve the safety of transport environment.
More importantly, it has proposed several measures to improve the effectiveness of training and education system for yourng children, school bus drivers, teachers, and administrators of the education facilities. In addition, it also recommends an extensive promotion to let the general public have intense attention to the safety of young children.